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Wednesday, July 17, 2019
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Stats SA celebrates World Statistics Day

The executive manager: Poverty and Inequality Statistics Nozipho Shabalala

Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) celebrated World Statistics Day and this year their theme was Better Data Better Lives. Managers from various departments

within Stats SA reported on different topics from Poverty, Education, Service Delivery, Crime & Safety, Tourism and Transport.


Nozipho Shabalala – Executive Manager of Poverty & Equality gave out info on how the government prioritizes the issue of poverty and inequality. She explained why poverty is a complex issue that manifests itself in political, economic and socials ways. Stats SA measures poverty based on the following definitions:
Lack of income
Lack of basics services, education etc.
Subjective poverty
Inequality (i.e. share of expenditure)

Deputy Director General of Stats SA Joe De BeerThe institution adopted the cost of basic needs approach called the food poverty line where the minimum food energy requirement can be expressed in kilo calories. Standard being equals to 2100 kcal per day per capita. Also determining the cost per kcal and the cost of obtaining the 2100 kcal.
Food power lines are important tools that allow for reporting statistics of poverty levels, planning for poverty reduction in any population and patterns. This can be determined by defining:
poverty headcount - being the percentage of person living below the poverty line
poverty gap - being how far the poor are from the poverty line.
Other instruments to source out information what we can simply call data sources normally the following are used :
census
living conditions survey

Then came the issue of how poverty is measured in South Africa:
Household infrastructure index
Provincial indices  - where there is a level analysis of poverty done, income,  material, employment, education , health and living environment using the previous Census  
A method of comparative purposes - index created across the eight dimensions    

Deputy Director General Joe De Beer gave the overall of the data that was given on that day unpacking on the following concepts:
Short term indicators
Structural Industry stats
Government Finances
Private Sector Finances
National Accounts
Economic analysis

In conclusion more reports to be released:
Income and poverty monograph
Monitoring rural development
Monitoring urban development
Poverty and child mortality

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